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Symptoms and consequences of diabetes mellitus in men

Diabetes mellitus is a serious disease that occurs with a pronounced impairment of carbohydrate metabolism in the body, in which excess glucose in the blood is observed. The main reason for increasing the sugar content in diabetes is the inadequate production of insulin by the pancreas. In this case, a diagnosis is made of type 1 diabetes. The diagnosis of type 2 diabetes is made when an normal amount of insulin is produced in an orgasm, but the body itself has resistance to this substance, that is, the receptors do not perceive insulin, which is produced by the body.

In men and women, diabetes mellitus occurs in different ways and the most severe consequences are manifested in the stronger sex. Many doctors associate a more intense manifestation of the symptoms of diabetes with the specificity of the male body, as well as the fact that men tend to lead a more unhealthy lifestyle than women, even knowing about their diagnosis, which affects the course of the disease as a whole. januvia side effects

The main symptoms of diabetes mellitus in men

It is not known exactly what leads to the development of diabetes, but the most likely factors predisposing to the development of this disease have been identified. The main reasons for the development of diabetes are:

It is believed that the factors that caused the development of diabetes, directly affect the rate of progression of the disease. As a rule, many men miss the first signs of the development of the disease, writing off the emerging symptoms of fatigue, age, etc. During the development of diabetes mellitus in men is more extensive damage to the internal organs, so the symptomatology is more pronounced.

The first signs of diabetes include a sharp increase or decrease in body weight, baldness, sweating of the hands and feet, rapid fatigue, skin problems, dry mouth. In addition, men experience frequent urination, poor wound healing, rare convulsions, numbness, or swelling of the extremities. In some cases, a slight tingling of the fingers is possible. Over time, diabetes manifests itself more strongly, there is increased appetite and constant thirst, there is a visual impairment, there may be attacks of nausea and vomiting, metallic taste in the mouth. All these characteristic symptoms begin to manifest themselves under the influence of elevated blood sugar.

In the absence of correct and timely treatment, there are more serious problems in the body. The thing is that the increased glucose in the blood strongly affects the elasticity of all blood vessels, but especially from it suffer small vessels, which in the course of the development of the disease completely cease to function, becoming brittle.

The consequences of diabetes mellitus immediately affect the potency and the entire reproductive system of a man, which can be a signal for early recognition of the disease. In the future, some of the symptoms that appear under the influence of diabetes mellitus, flow into complex pathologies and independent diseases, which leads to severe consequences.

Disorders of the genitourinary system due to the development of diabetes

In men with diabetes, the risk of developing disorders of the genitourinary system increases by 50% even in cases when a person knows about his diagnosis and takes all measures to control blood sugar. Symptoms from the genitourinary system are complex. In the male genital organs, a complex system of small capillaries functions, which suffer under the influence of an elevated blood glucose level in the first place. In insulin-dependent people with regular injections of insulin, less noticeable damage to the vessels in this area is observed. In cases where men are not aware of their diabetes, and also do not adhere to treatment and nutritional restrictions, there is a significant reduction in potency, and in some cases, impotence caused by angiopathy, that is, a decrease in blood flow to the pelvic organs.

Damage and blockage of blood vessels due to diabetes leads to dysfunction of ejaculation, decreased sexual desire. In addition, there is a decrease in erection and lack of orgasm. Further impotence and infertility develops. Reducing the level of blood supply to the pelvic organs is not the only cause of the development of symptoms from the genitourinary system and a decrease in potency, since men's diabetes mellitus affects the level of testosterone. The decrease in testosterone levels in the body of a male diabetic patient is due to excessive production of ketone bodies that inhibit testosterone contained in the blood.

Damage to tissues of the pelvic organs occurs very quickly, so the restoration of potency in diabetes is possible only if the man began to beat the alarm immediately after the appearance of the first symptoms, that is, the first cases of lack of erection, sensitivity, etc. As a rule, it is the decrease in potency that makes it clear about the presence of diabetes mellitus in a man, since other signs are simply ignored by the majority of the male population, not including the need to consult a doctor.

Concomitant complications of diabetes

Diabetic angiopathy. Men who suffer from diabetes also often experience angiopathy, which is symptomatic of atherosclerosis, that is, atherosclerotic plaques form in large blood vessels that interfere with blood flow. Symptoms of macroangiopathy are similar to atherosclerosis. Diabetes mellitus in men occurs, as a rule, with a pronounced defeat of all organs, especially in cases of insufficient treatment or a frivolous approach of the patient to the selection of a daily diet. Treatment of this pathology involves a set of measures aimed at eliminating microtraumas of blood vessels that appeared under the influence of glucose.

Diabetic foot ulcer. This complication of diabetes is most often observed in men. This pathology is characterized by a complete cessation of blood supply to the foot tissues due to blockage of blood vessels and their fragility. As a rule, first a localized focus with a noticeable tissue damage and suppuration is formed. Later, the diabetic ulcer does not heal, and the necrotic focus increases in size. A consequence of the progression of the diabetic ulcer is the gangrene of the extremities.

Diabetic retinopathy. This patrology is considered to be one of the most dangerous manifestations of diabetes mellitus, as the result may be severe short-sightedness or blindness. Diabetic retinopathy is a consequence of damage to the blood vessels in the eyeball. Small capillaries damaged by diabetes mellitus are clogged and burst, resulting in insufficient blood supply to the eye structures and hemorrhage in the retina. Hemorrhages lead to detachment of the retina, opacity of the lens and the development of cataracts. Directed treatment of eyesight helps to reduce the risk of blindness, but still not always possible to completely eliminate the effects of diabetes.