Prostate - the prostate gland since ancient times is called the second heart of men. If it for some reason fails, they have something to worry about - because in addition to the fact that the disease affects the general condition of the body, a strong half of mankind is frightened by its inevitable complication - problems in sexual life. Why is it important to start treatment of prostatitis on time and how to avoid it?
Prostatitis often occurs almost asymptomatically, so it is not accidental that all men over the age of 20 are recommended to be examined regularly. And certainly you should urgently go to the doctor when problems with urination (frequent urination in small portions, accompanied by pain and burning, a weak jet), disturbing perineal pains, in the pelvic organs, in the sacral lumbar region.continue
They can appear even during sex. Decreased potency may be a symptom of prostatitis. But these signs are nonspecific, and prostate adenoma also appears. There may also be fever, weakness, nausea, loss of appetite.
Prostatitis, an inflammation of the prostate, is the most common diagnosis heard by patients of urologists and andrologists aged 20 to 45 years, but it often manifests itself in the elderly with the development of benign prostatic hyperplasia (prostate adenoma). But if in men younger than 35 years the disease is usually in the form of acute bacterial prostatitis, then in older patients, the chronic forms of the disease are more often diagnosed.
If you do not pay attention to it and do not tackle the problem, the sexual potency decreases, the risk of infertility is high.
When examining men with prostatitis, they often find infections, and not necessarily sexually transmitted - their source can be inflammatory foci, for example, in angina, influenza, pneumonia, boils and carbuncles of the skin. The disease develops more intensively and begins to show itself if a man leads an irregular sexual life with prolonged abstinence, is inactive, he has sedentary work (drivers, operators, managers, etc.), consumes alcohol. Smokes. Irrationally eats. In addition, the disease worsens on the background of inflammatory diseases, hypothermia, overheating in the sauna or hot tub, as well as reducing the work of the immune system, stress.
Acute prostatitis has three stages of development - catarrhal prostatitis, follicular and parenchymal. The first stage - catarrhal prostatitis is characterized by an increase in the prostate due to its edema and the presence of a slight inflammation of the mucous layer of the prostate gland, manifested by frequent urination. If prostatitis is not treated at this stage, the inflammatory process will pass to the lobules of the prostate gland, this will be the next stage - the follicular prostatitis.
It is manifested by pain in the perineum and stagnation of the mucopurulent content in the gland follicles. At the third stage of acute prostatitis - parenchymatous prostatitis other than pain in the perineum and difficulty urinating, it is also possible to increase the temperature, weakness. Acute prostatitis is a complex disease, its course depends on many factors, therefore, when preparing a treatment plan, all the individual characteristics of the patient should be taken into account.
The chronic form proceeds more calmly, but at any time, under unfavorable conditions, exacerbation may begin. It is believed that chronic prostatitis is the lot of lazy people who find it difficult to get to a doctor to solve a problem, and they hope that everything will work out by itself. In fact, this is a big mistake - wrong treatment of prostatitis, or its absence, as a rule, leads to the development of other, even more dangerous diseases, which result in infertility, decreased potency, premature ejaculation, etc.
Competently and qualitatively selected complex method of treatment under the supervision of a doctor in most cases allows you to get rid of unpleasant manifestations of prostatitis, and from the complications of this disease in the future.
Diagnosis of both acute and chronic prostatitis is not very difficult. In the treatment, as a rule, antibiotic therapy is used, therefore, before proceeding, it is necessary to conduct laboratory studies to determine the sensitivity of microflora to various antibacterial drugs. Otherwise, treatment will not be effective, and will lead not to getting rid of the disease, but to its transition into a new, and perhaps more severe form.
To make the correct diagnosis, use a digital rectal examination, ultrasound examination of the prostate gland, if necessary - biopsy of the prostate gland. To determine the infectious pathogens use the PCR method. Important in the diagnosis of prostatitis have general tests of urine and blood.
It is necessary to differentiate prostatitis from adenoma of the prostate and cystitis.
Treatment of prostatitis depends on its cause. It includes antibacterial and immunocorrective therapy, vitamin therapy, physiotherapy, including prostate massage. In most men, the cause of prostatitis is infection or hypothermia. But it is possible the emergence of the disease and as a result of a sedentary lifestyle, and as a result of mental overexertion, and as a result of a decrease in testosterone, and even as a result of muscle tearing, for example, when lifting something heavy. With an infectious prostatitis, it is important to choose the right antibiotic.
Overcooling, stress and sedentary lifestyle cause in the prostate gland circulatory disorders, leading to inflammation - prostatitis. To such patients, antibiotic therapy brings relief, but not for long. In these situations, it is necessary to improve blood circulation in the prostate gland with the help of various procedures - prostate massage, physiotherapy (electrophoresis, EHF-therapy, hyperthermia, laser therapy, magnetotherapy). Men after 40 years with a lowered level of testosterone are given hormone therapy. In some cases, the treatment of prostatitis is surgical - prostatectomy.
Despite the fact that modern medicine knows everything, or almost everything about the causes and mechanism of the development of this disease, it is impossible to cope with it once and for all. Usually it is possible to achieve remission - the absence of symptoms - for 2-3 years. Then you should again undergo a course of treatment. At the same time, it is necessary to follow other recommendations of the doctor: active motor system, refusal from alcohol and smoking, normalization of bowel function, exercise therapy, diet.
Of course, it is better not to allow the development of prostatitis in general. To do this, remember that you should visit the urologist andrologist at least once or twice a year, protect yourself from sexually transmitted infections, do not overcool - do not sit on cold objects, regularly have sex (according to different data - at least 3 - 4 times a week), with a sedentary lifestyle - to use any moment for warm-up, if possible - to play sports. It is also important to normalize the digestive process, preferably with a diet that limits alcohol, spicy, fried and canned food.