Diseases of the urinary bladder in women - a frequent phenomenon. Diseases can be associated with the introduction of infection and the development of inflammation, a violation of the innervation of the body, cancer processes in its cells. Symptoms of various pathologies of this organ are similar.
The high incidence of infectious diseases is due to female anatomy. The weaker sex has a shorter and broader urethra than that of men, so the infection penetrates more often.
Cystitis is an inflammatory process in the bladder, the most common disease of this organ in women.
Symptoms of cystitis are familiar to most women. This rapid, painful urination, sometimes a rise in body temperature, the appearance of pus, mucus, blood in the urine, mucus discharge from the urethra.
Diagnosis of cystitis consists in a laboratory study: general urine analysis and bacterial culture with the determination of the effectiveness of the effects of various groups of antibiotics, smears from the urethra and the vagina. Ultrasound is used, sometimes radiography with the introduction into the bladder with the help of a contrast medium catheter.buy amoxil online
Treatment of inflammation is reduced to the elimination of its cause and symptomatic therapy. Antibacterial agents, diuretics, sedentary baths with a turn, plentiful drink are applied. It is useful to use cranberry juice containing benzoic acid. It acts as an antiseptic in case of urological problems.
From herbal remedies used bearberry (in the urinary tract becomes an antimicrobial agent), goldenrod, preparations Phytolysin and Urolesan. There is a procedure for introducing antiseptic solutions into the bladder with a catheter. Sometimes instillations of heparin are carried out, which in this case has an anti-inflammatory effect.
With an advanced inflammatory process, the infection can spread along the ascending path and affect the kidneys. Chronic inflammation sometimes leads to the degeneration of the cells of the mucous membrane and the appearance in it of precancerous processes (leukoplakia).
GAMP - inadequate response of the body to its extension by small volumes. This manifests itself in symptoms: pollakiuria (frequent urination), nocturia (nocturnal awakenings from the urge to mikrotsiyu). Sign of GAMP is also incontinence, urinary retention.
Among the factors that cause irritable bladder syndrome, psychological causes predominate. Patients with GAMP, as a rule, live in dysfunctional families, are subjected to constant psychological stress, violence. In the anamnesis, such women may have enuresis in childhood, prolonged cystitis, spine trauma, episiotomy.
Provoke the symptoms of GAMP abuse of diuretics, sleep disturbance, poor nutrition, constipation and other dysfunction of neighboring organs. Diagnosis of GUM. A study of urodynamics, a general analysis of urine is carried out.
Treatment of a hyperactive bladder reduces to psychotherapy, hypnotherapy, reflexotherapy and the elimination of symptoms by medication. Patients are not recommended to use caffeinated drinks that irritate the bladder and produce a strong diuretic effect. Such drinks can also lead to constipation, which affects the bladder negatively, contributing to its compression and retention of urine, its paradoxical incontinence.
This is a violation of the innervation of the bladder, in which the muscles of the organ do not receive an impulse to contract. In severe situations, the patient can not perform a microma - it is her own pee. In such cases, a catheter and urine collection is needed. The causes of atony often are injuries of the spine.
Sometimes atony occurs after taking tricyclic antidepressants, cholinolytic drugs in stressful situations. A sign of atony is a delay in urination.
Treatment - a decrease in the dose of drugs that caused atony; In other situations - the appointment of funds for the treatment of atony (cholinesterase inhibitors, cholinomimetics).
Leukoplakia of the bladder and its cervix. A precancerous disease characterized by the regeneration of the mucous membrane of the bladder. The problem threatens further malignancy (malignancy). The cause may be chronic inflammatory processes in the bladder. Symptoms of leukoplakia are similar to those of cystitis.
Diagnosis of the disease. Cystoscopy with a biopsy of a suspicious mucosa. The symptom of leukoplakia is a white spot on the mucosa in the form of scales.